Each year, very nearly 45 million young male chickens are killed in Germany. Their eggs are unsuitable when it comes to market. New procedures for sex recognition should make sure that they are not also bred. David Tedevosian/ Shutterstock
In an meeting with EURACTIV Germany, Dr Ludger Breloh, the handling director associated with egg breeding company Seleggt Gmbh, talked about Germany’s present decision to permit the mass killings of young male chickens and just how his company’s Seleggt process might be utilized as being a bridging technology until more commercially viable techniques are located.
Dr Ludger Breloh, an agricultural economist, is the handling director of Seleggt GmbH, an associate regarding the Rewe Group. Seleggt GmbH, in cooperation using the University of Leipzig, has continued to develop the initial method that is operational very very early sex recognition in hen eggs.
The sex of a young chicken can be determined in the egg with the Seleggt method. How can this work?
Our technique is most beneficial referred to as a hormonal, meaning a method that is hormone-based. We know already that gender-specific hormones, such as for example oestrone sulphate, happen to be contained in the non-incubated egg and are also just created into the feminine egg.
To achieve this, you have to wait about nine days before the hormones are available in the egg in enough amount. Then we draw out a small fall of fluid through the egg, which we mix with a marker that is biochemical.
This then shows, by having a color modification, whether or not the oestrone sulphate is current. Feminine eggs are then came back towards the incubator and hatched, while male eggs are prepared into animal feed.
Thus far, but, gender determination is not considered prepared for serial manufacturing, and just a few supermarkets provide these eggs. Exactly why is that?</p>
Within the last few couple of years, we’ve made incredible progress in refining our technology. We are able to now analyse around 3,000 eggs each hour, per device.
Nonetheless, the procedure has just been found in our in-house hatchery up to now. Our birds lay so-called Respeggt eggs, which are currently offered today in about 380 supermarkets when you look at the greater Berlin area. The reality that these eggs just occur here, for the present time, is really because the number of laying hens remains workable.
Since February, but, we’ve been breeding on a bigger scale, with about 20,000-30,000 young feminine chickens hatching each week. By the end of July, the very first generation should be old sufficient to lay their very own eggs. There after, I will be seeing a number that is increasing of eggs in the marketplace. The Rewe Group has set it self the aim of attempting to sell these eggs in most its German branches by the conclusion associated with the season.
Beginning the following year, we shall then provide and also make our technology open to hatcheries. In the beginning, this is done in a way that is cost-neutral.
Respeggt eggs will, consequently, be slowly in the marketplace.
Cost-neutral may possibly imply that you first need certainly to make an advance re payment. Exactly why is that the situation?
Our enterprize model is comprised of supermarkets having to pay us a licence girls brides charge – but only if the very first eggs are for sale in supermarkets. We now have developed a Respeggt logo design to demonstrate the consumer that the eggs had been produced without killing chickens that are young.
This might be a clear added value as supermarkets can make this marketable then. Just then, will they spend us a licence charge because we made the hatching eggs offered at the start of the supply string.
The consumer, consequently, would additionally assist in preventing chickens that are young being slaughtered since the cost of eggs is somewhat increased.
What are the other options for the detection that is early of being developed?
Yes, other practices are increasingly being investigated in eight or nine facilities global, including in Canada and Australia, but additionally in the universities of Munich and Dresden. I cannot say more about these methods, as their development obviously happens in today’s world.
In every full situation, I would personally welcome it if other procedures had been made in the marketplace. I will be maybe not just worried about your competition, but additionally concerning the problem of killing young birds.
To be truthful, running the whole sector with just one technology will be a severe challenge.
Is because your reach remains too little?
Yes. We be prepared to raise about 1.5 million chickens that are young our hatchery this season – that is merely a fall within the ocean if you think about that a complete of 45 million young male chickens are increasingly being gassed or shredded every year.
Which means we shall require a large amount more time before reaching such high volumes. Just then will we have the ability to discuss about it a paradigm change. Rome wasn’t built per day.
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Once the Seleggt technology had been established, it had been labelled as being a bridging technology until other solutions had been discovered. A different one of the may be the double utilization of birds. Could that function as the future of chicken agriculture?
The simple fact that individuals also destroy an incredible number of young birds at all is just because we’ve been breeding 2 kinds of extremely optimised, exceedingly effective chickens for decades: laying hens and broiler birds.
Here is the way that is only can create really cheap eggs and chicken meat. The rational goal, needless to say, is always to reproduce hens which have a good laying performance, while their brothers have fattening performance that is high. That appears like a jack-of-all-trades kind of unit and that’s what it really is.
As an agricultural scientist by having a PhD in farming, i could inform you that we now have complementary properties that rule out of the possibility that a hen can both lay eggs productively, while additionally building enough muscle mass. Just one or one other.
Nonetheless, i am hoping that the reproduction businesses continue steadily to work intensively with this problem to make certain that we now have a solution that is economically viable dual-use chickens.
Gender dedication methods are simply a short-term solution and it might truly be much more sustainable and in every of y our interests whenever we could place an end for this killing of young birds.
Edited by Zoran Radosavljevic
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